Revue d’intelligence stratégique et des relations internationales

Dounia 4 :
La SADC : intégration économique et prérequis

SADC : Deeper Economic Integration and Prequisites

La Communauté des états de l’Afrique australe pour le développement (SADC) est une initiative qui concerne l’un des plus gros potentiels de développement régional socioéconomique sur le continent africain. La problématique de l’intégration économique au sein de cette communauté se pose en termes de rythme de progression, de domaines concernés, d’avantages attendus ou encore de pré-requis. Les enjeux couvrent aussi bien les champs de la sécurité territoriale, la résolution de conflits, l’identité et la souveraineté nationales que les comportements des leaders, en passant par la prise de conscience du caractère stratégique de cette intégration face aux bouleversements géopolitiques récents et à venir. Ce numéro de Dounia, la revue d’intelligence stratégique et des relations internationales, passe en revue plusieurs facettes de l’intégration économique au sein de la SADC et propose une réflexion multidisciplinaire pour mieux comprendre l’évolution et les enjeux du processus.

Octobre 2011

10. Common security and economic integration : the case of southern african development community (SADC)

Donald Peter Chimanikire
pages 125-133

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This contribution highlights the opportunities for regional integration in areas relating economic, security arrangements, and foreign policies from historical, contemporary and future perspectives in Southern Africa. The transformation of SADC from a co-coordinating Conference into a development Community meant that its strategies and priorities had to be upgraded to respond to positively to new challenges in areas relating to economic integration, common security, and common foreign policies in the Southern African region through economic integration after South Africa achieved a new democratic political dispensation. The paper deals with the dialectical interrelationship between economic regional integration and regional security and common foreign policies in the SADC region. It traces the evolution of Common Security arrangements and regional economic Integration efforts by the Southern African states since the time of the national liberation struggles in the region. It highlights some of the positive achievements of SADC from its inception.The paper gives highlights of the primary determinants of regional integration and common foreign policies of SADC countries and highlight some of the problems. The paper’s conclusion is that regional economic integration and common foreign policies approach is the way-forward for SADC as opposed to uncoordinated activities by individual states. Given the common history of SADC States and their geographical proximity, effective regional integration in areas concerning economic development, conflict prevention and resolution can be pursued through active and collaboration among SADC States. The paper uses a historical methodology and is qualitative in its approach. It has used official SADC documents/materials, academic books and scholarly journals and some relevant popular newsletters on the subject matter. The author has presented the thoughts highlighted in paper at numerous national, regional and international conferences on regional economic integration.

Key words : Integration, Security, Development, Globalization, Regionalization, SADC




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